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Armstrong Number in C++

An Armstrong number (also known as a narcissistic number or a pluperfect digital invariant) is a number that is equal to the sum of its own digits each raised to the power of the number of digits. In other words, an n-digit number is an Armstrong number if the sum of its digits, each raised to the nth power, is equal to the number itself.

Here’s a C++ program to check if a given number is an Armstrong number:

C++
#include <iostream>
#include <cmath>

int main() {
    int number, originalNumber, remainder, result = 0, n;

    // Input a number
    std::cout << "Enter an integer: ";
    std::cin >> number;

    originalNumber = number;

    // Calculate the number of digits in the number
    n = static_cast<int>(log10(number)) + 1;

    // Check if it's an Armstrong number
    while (originalNumber != 0) {
        remainder = originalNumber % 10;
        result += pow(remainder, n);
        originalNumber /= 10;
    }

    if (result == number) {
        std::cout << number << " is an Armstrong number." << std::endl;
    } else {
        std::cout << number << " is not an Armstrong number." << std::endl;
    }

    return 0;
}

In this program:

  1. The user is prompted to enter an integer.
  2. The program calculates the number of digits in the given number using log10(number) + 1.
  3. It then enters a loop to extract the digits of the number one by one, raise each digit to the power of n, and add the result to result.
  4. Finally, it checks if result is equal to the original number. If they are equal, the number is an Armstrong number; otherwise, it’s not.

Compile and run this program to check if a given number is an Armstrong number.

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